Types of Sentences in the English Language

This article is devoted to the topic of sentence determination as well as the correct usage of different sentence types. As we know, it is enormously essential to employ knowledge and express the ideas correctly and consecutively. We are going to present some basic information in order to define some academic points more precisely. 

General Information about the Types of Sentences

There are four common types of sentences that the people make use of in the writing and speaking process. Certainly, we need them for various aims. Here is the list of four basic types of sentences:

  • Declarative 
  • Interrogative
  • Exclamatory 
  • Imperative 

Using these types of sentences, we can signify our thoughts and concepts quite distinctly and pronouncedly. With no doubt, this multiplicity of sentence kinds will definitely benefit your writing in English. The correct applying of different sentence types may boost the reader`s attention so that it will help you create a qualitative and readable paper. 

Well, let us start describing this topic in more detail. Surely, you should know the main functional purpose of each kind of sentence. In this case, it will be easier to choose the right type of sentences and express your ideas clearly and naturally. 

And now it is time to introduce you to the first type from our list- a declarative kind of sentence. 

Declarative type of sentences

Well, this type is considered to be the most common one. We usually need it when we would like to transfer information, express the fact, some particular views, opinions or any statement. Declarative sentences may be both simple and compound, presenting some necessary data in one statement. Moreover, any tenses can be used and at the end of the sentence, there is a full stop. Below are several examples of this sentence type. 

  • I usually get up early.
  • When Bob was a child, he used to like chocolate. 
  • I can cook quite well, but I do not understand this recipe.
  • We have bought a new flat recently.
  • The weather was not very good yesterday.
  • The train leaves at 8 a.m.

As we may notice, some sentences are quite short and simple, expressing the only idea. While other statements are longer, having combined a few ideas that may be separated by a comma, if necessary. By the way, we have got such examples with the negative form of the verb so that it is also widely used in declarative sentences.

So, to sum up, this type of sentence is known as a basic kind that usually conveys the information, facts or any other statements.

Interrogative type of sentences

This kind of sentence asks direct questions so that they have got a question mark at the end of the sentence. The questions may be general as well as special ones. It is crucial to keep in mind that interrogative sentences still need a verb and a noun in order to be complete. We know that yes/no questions may begin with the verb. 

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And the special question usually uses the question words, such as who, where, when, why, etc. We cannot answer “yes” or “no” on this question. Instead of a short answer, we should give a full one. The question words are usually followed by the auxiliaries or modals, then come to the noun (the subject) and the main verb. Let us provide a simple example:

– When do you usually get up? 

This question is suitable for the next scheme: question word + auxiliary verb + pronoun + adverb of frequency + verb. 

Another example is:

– Will he come back home tomorrow?

This interrogative sentence has not got a question word, so it begins with the auxiliary “will” for the Future Simple Tense.

Then comes the pronoun and after it – a verb. 

– May I open the window, please? 

This yes/no question starts with the modal verb. One more important point is that the auxiliary or modal in each answer matches the auxiliary or modal from each yes/no question. 

Another crucial fact is with the question words “who” and “whose”. Look at these interrogative sentences, please: 

  • Who has got an extra pen?
  • Whose pen is it? 

In the first question, we have not got a noun or a personal pronoun before the main verb and we do not have the auxiliary verb too. We ask about the person so that it is clear that we do not mention him/her in this case. 

As for the question with the question word “whose”, we use it together with the person or thing. 

There are quite a lot of kinds of questions in English so that it is recommended to study more.   

Exclamatory type of sentences

Well, this kind of sentence is quite similar to the declarative one. Nevertheless, along with the statement declaration, an exclamatory sentence is used to emphasize the intense emotion. You will obviously recognize it, as it has got an exclamation mark instead of a full stop.

Pay attention that these sentences comprise a subject and a verb in order to be a complete exclamation. We often use an exclamatory type of sentences in the informal conversation or we may see it in the written dialogues if the author focuses on the emotion. 

However, the exclamation is not commonly used in academic writing or expository articles, for instance. These papers are more serious and official so it is recommended to choose the declarative sentences instead. You may use these sentences in creative writing. Here are some examples:

  • Great, this is really what I mean!
  • What a nice day! 
  • What a surprise! 

Imperative type of sentences

This sentence type is mainly used not only to define a fact but also to give some instructions (what to do). Imperatives may sound in a friendly tone of advice, as a neutral guideline or as more official commands.

Mostly, such sentences have a tendency to end in full stops. However, when it is necessary to make a forceful demand, the exclamation mark may help to stress the strong emotion. A characteristic feature of imperative sentences is the missing subject, as the instructions are aimed at you directly. 

The imperative sentences should sound politely and concisely, so, you may use the word “please”.

Get familiar with these imperative statements, please:

  • Close the window, please. It is too cold.
  • Then, turn right at the corner.
  • Stop talking so loudly, please! (in a casual conversation)

The application of different Sentence Types

You may combine different sentence types to make your writing sound more interesting and not so trivial. However, be careful with this technique and use it for creative writing in a relevant way, as it is not an appropriate option for academic or any other official and serious papers. 

Study this piece of a sample article, please:

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What do you think of such a heading?

Making a conclusion, anyway, try to be enthusiastic and create an interesting paper, vary the sentence structure (simple, compound, complex, if it is possible). You should also study the types of sentences in detail and practice more. 

Good luck to you!